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Possible reasons of goods damage

Protecting goods at a certain level of quality, especially during transportation, is an issue that receives great attention from shippers as well as carriers and drivers. Understanding that, this article of CargoLink will show you the causes that can affect the quality of your shipment, thereby offering useful and effective solutions to help you preserve goods in the best way.

First of all, there are many causes of damage to goods, such as:

1) Dynamic physical damage

Goods may be affected by falling, rolling, breaking or impacted during transportation. Even packaged items can withstand strong vertical and horizontal impacts during transit that can lead to so-called operational physical damage.

2) Wet damage

During shipments, goods may pass through many different climates and experience variations in different conditions; humidity, humidity, rain damage often.

3) Contamination damage

Both solid and inspected goods can be contaminated and tested exclusively due to cells contained in unsuitable and foul-smelling containers.

4) Refrigeration management damage

Due to power failure, equipment failure or other damage to equipment that can result in refrigeration related damage, not limited to repair, bruising and over-ripening.

5) Damage due to pests

Insects and animals that cause spoilage often cause damage to goods. Pest damage is often associated with business items.

According to the UK’s P&I (Department and Indemnity) Club, component damage is the most common type of damage to goods, using up to 28% of the damage aptitude.

Who is responsible for damaged goods?

The seller is normally responsible for improper packaging, where the carrier is responsible from the moment of receipt of the goods from the seller to professional performance. All have a number of factors beyond the carrier’s control; however, in most cargo damage claims, the claimant must provide unambiguous evidence.

How to treat and prevent damage to the constituent elements?

Preventing and limiting the risk of damage to goods can be an effective way to save money in transit, avoid claims for damage and maintain business reputation.

1) Choosing the right packaging and packing

This is the first and foremost factor in preventing shipment damage. First, you must choose the correct packaging and the correct size. Packaging must be kept free from any damage, holes, tears, dents, shocks or water damage, especially for fragile goods. Pay special attention when packing, the owner needs to ensure the maximum weight specified in the package, and can fill the gaps inside with shockproof objects such as foam or bubble plastic, etc. Strong spill-proof tape should be used with the correct gluing techniques.

2) Apply proper queuing technique

Standardize the dimensions of packages and match them to the correct pallet size, avoiding packaging outside the pallet borders or gaps between packages. Next, you need to use the corner posts and wrap them with stretch film to secure them all in place.
Note, stacking requires uniformity and stability: The weight must be evenly distributed on the pallets and the pallet heights are equal, the lightest load must be stacked on the heaviest load.

3) Label the appropriate instructions

Labels help shippers know how to better protect their goods, especially during transportation, so it must be in a visible place and avoid damage. Depending on the nature of the goods, there are labels suitable for them such as avoiding moisture, fragile goods, the center of the package,…
After this article, CargoLink hopes to help you apply it in practice to preserve and store goods in better quality. Be sure to check out the next useful CargoLink articles!